With the current hot weather, it seems appropriate to post the following official advice and practical measures to prevent the effects of exposure to high temperatures.
The prevention plan from Sanidad is aimed at the entire population, but it is specially designed for the most vulnerable such as the elderly, children, and people with chronic diseases.
Tips to prevent the effects of exposure to high temperatures:
- Although anyone can suffer heat-related problem, pay special attention to infants and young children, the elderly (especially if they live alone), and people with chronic diseases (heart, lung, kidney, diabetes, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and mental diseases).
- Drink water and fluids often to ensure you are well hydrated and to avoid heatstroke. If out carry water and sip it frequently
- Do not drink alcoholic beverages or drinks with caffeine or large amounts of sugar, as they can make you lose more body fluid.
- Eat light meals to help replenish salts lost sweating (salads, fruits, vegetables, juices, etc.)
- Avoid exposure to the sun and heat. Stay as long as possible in cool, shaded, or air-conditioned places and cool off whenever you need.
- Try to reduce physical activity and avoid doing outdoor sports in the hottest hours (from 12.00 to 17.00). If unavoidable, wear head protection such as a cap or a hat and light, loose-fitting clothing.
- Keep your medicines in a cool place; heat can alter its composition and its effects.
- Never leave anyone in a closed, parked vehicle (especially children, the elderly, the chronically ill or animals).
- During bright sunny hours keep blinds and curtains closed and open windows overnight to cool dwellings.
- Consult your doctor if symptoms that last longer than an hour and can be related to high temperatures.
Follow the above advice. Look after yourself, and Enjoy the Summer!